ENVS 220 (Environmental Analysis), Spring 2020
Related outcomes (if applicable): File | File
Indigenous populations globally have been subjected to highly prejudicial actions, a primary one being the policies of the formalized government. With internal governments encouraging the implementation of projects and policies surrounding themes such as preservation and urban development, it becomes easier for land to be taken away from indigenous populations and minority groups. This is true in Thailand, where the ethnic minority groups of northern Thailand: the Lua, Khon Muang, Hmong, and Lisu, have experienced internal displacement due to both the development of urban spaces and the creation of protected forested areas. In order to understand more deeply the reasoning and effects of these government policies, we propose an analysis of government documents as well as the distribution of surveys to those who have experienced this eviction. In comparing the results of these two approaches, we hope to gain an understanding of which indigenous groups the policy affects, the proposed use of the taken land (conservation or development), and if there is any proposed compensation.
Top of hourglass
Framing Question: How does government policy prioritize the rights and goals of a society over the rights and goals of an individual?
Middle of hourglass
Focus Question: How have government policies around urban development and forest conservation affected the indigenous people of Northern Thailand?
Bottom of hourglass
- Areeparampil, Mathew. 1996. “Displacement Due to Mining in Jharkhand.” Economic and Political Weekly 31, no. 24: 1524-528. Accessed April 22, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/4404276.
- Baird, Ian G, Prasit Leepreecha, and Urai Yangcheepsutjarit. 2017. “Who Should Be Considered ‘Indigenous’? A Survey of Ethnic Groups in Northern Thailand.” Asian Ethnicity 18, no. 4: 543-62. https://doi.org/10.1080/14631369.2016.1268044
- Beazley, Kim. 2011. “Spaces of Opportunity: State-Oustee Relations in the Context of Conservation-Induced Displacement in Central India.” Pacific Affairs 84, no. 1: 25-46. https://doi.org/10.5509/201184125
- Boomgaard, Peter. 2011. “Long-Term Changes in Land-Tenure Arrangements in Pre-Modern and Early-Modern Southeast Asia: An Introduction.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 54, no. 4: 447-54. https://doi.org/10.1163/156852011X611319
- Chaochuti, Thosaeng. 2009. ““The Murderer of Bangkhunphrom”: The Semi-Colonial Siam and its Early Literary Adaptations,” Manusya: Journal of Humanities 12, 4: 30-41. https://doi.org/10.1163/26659077-01204003
- Coscieme, Luca, Valentina Niccolucci, Biagio F. Giannetti, Federico M. Pulselli, Nadia Marchettini, and Paul C. Sutton. 2018. “Implications of Land-Grabbing on the Ecological Balance of Brazil.” Resources 7, no. 3: 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030044
- Dash, Satya Prakash. 2009. “Displacement and Resettlement Management in Thailand.” Economic and Political Weekly 44, no. 47: 23-26. www.jstor.org/stable/25663807
- Daniere, Amrita G., and Lois M. Takahashi. 1999. “Public Policy and Human Dignity in Thailand: Environmental Policies and Human Values in Bangkok.” Policy Sciences 32, no. 3: 247-68. www.jstor.org/stable/4532462
- Green, Donna. 2005. “The Politics of Environmental Technology Choice for Rural Electrification in Northern Thailand.” Conservation and Society 3, no. 2: 265-79. (link)
- Johnson, Craig, and Timothy Forsyth. 2002. “In the Eyes of the State: Negotiating a “Rights-Based Approach” to Forest Conservation in Thailand.” World Development 30, no. 9: 1591-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(02)00057-8
- Kaushal, Nandita. 2009. “Displacement: An Undesirable and Unwanted Consequence of Development.” The Indian Journal of Political Science 70, no. 1: 77-89. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41856497
- Shigetomi, Shinichi. 2015. “Communal Land Formation and Local Society in Rural Thailand.” In Community, Commons and Natural Resource Management in Asia, edited by Yanagisawa Haruka, 61-81. Singapore: NUS Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1nth3w.8
- Walker, Andrew, and Nicholas Farrelly. 2008. “Northern Thailand’s Specter of Eviction.” Critical Asian Studies 40, no. 3: 373-97. https://doi.org/10.1080/14672710802274078
- Wang, Liming. 2006. “Rural Land Ownership Reform in China’s Property Law.” Frontiers of Law in China 1, no. 3: 311-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11463-006-0012-7