Here is summary information; for a portfolio of work including related posts, see the author link at right.
Second major: French Studies
Here is an abstract of the project, and a location map below.
Conservation has become one of the most important issues in the twenty-first century especially given the realities of the Anthropocene and climate change. However, the history of conservation is tainted by colonialism and the ideologies that guide its exclusionary practices, resulting in the displacement of indigenous people. This thesis is concerned with assessing the impacts of the conservation strategies employed within the protected areas of Kruger National Park and the Maasai Mara Reserve on the indigenous people who once inhabited, or currently inhabit them and participate in conservation to varying degrees. Using research methods that range between extensive and intensive, this study investigated the impacts of the tourism sector on the economies of South Africa and Kenya, where the situated contexts of this study are located. The findings of this research suggest that the Maasai have benefitted from their more participatory community-based conservation approach as their livelihood and the preservation of their culture is dependent on the Maasai Mara National Reserve. This is because the management plan in the Mara fully considers the interdependent nature of all stakeholders within the reserve, even though there are disparities in the costs and benefits accrued by each stakeholder. In moving forward, I would recommend that governments and institutions use a wholistic approach to conservation that encourages the participation of indigenous people, as this will have positive impacts for both the human and nonhuman worlds.
Framing and focus questions
The ENVS capstone is defined by key questions. Following our situated approach to interdisciplinary environmental research, these include a broad framing question that serves as general motivation for this capstone project, and a specific focus question that defines the project’s research agenda. The framing and focus questions for this capstone are below.
Framing question: Is conservation beneficial?
Focus question: How have the Makuleke tribe in Kruger National Park and the Maasai in the Maasai Mara benefitted from their respective conservation policies?
Depending on its type, the ENVS thesis results in a variety of outcomes, including a thesis (an extended scholarly manuscript), or a variety of non-thesis outcomes. Below is information on this capstone type, with links at bottom to all outcomes.
Type of capstone: Thesis (honors)
Capstone outcomes (PDF): File